AI conferences are an indicator for quality research.
Highly ranked universities are at the forefront of AI research, but many schools “punch above their weight” and make significant contributions to the field.
Prolific individual researchers drive innovation at less highly ranked schools.
Every year, countless Artificial Intelligence (AI) research papers are published, and it can be hard to distinguish which make a lasting impact. For example, NeurIPS (a highly touted AI conference) paper submissions continue to grow, and in 2020, the number of submissions was greater than 0.5% of all scientific papers published in a year. Academic conference paper submissions, which are currently selected through a blind review process, can act as a validated indicator of vetted research and a potential solution to bolster academics in Artificial Intelligence. This paper highlights undiscovered researchers making an outsized impact on the industry.
Top ranked universities publish the most into academic AI conferences and receive the most media attention for their efforts. Figure 1 shows that a handful of elite research universities tend to publish the most, and are ordered roughly the same way as they are ranked by <rte-link>typical top AI graduate program lists<rte-link>.
Schools ranked higher on program lists often receive more resources to keep positive momentum going. For example, Carnegie Mellon, which is at the top of the list for university publications (Figure 1), recently received the <rte-link>most AI funding from the NSF<rte-link>. Similarly, large tech companies like Apple, Facebook, and Google recruit from these <rte-link>same top 10 schools<rte-link>. As a result, this positive feedback loop leads to increasing funding and resources to higher ranked schools, and increases the gap between institutions in the top 10 and those outside.
Despite having fewer resources, many schools outperform top research powerhouses at elite AI conferences. Beyond the Top 10 schools, a broad range of universities such as Rutgers (unranked), University of Maryland (ranked 16th), and New York University (unranked) as judged by this <rte-link>top AI program list<rte-link>, outperform other institutions with historically more established AI departments and researchers. Figure 2 shows that several of these universities outperform Ivy League institutions in terms of AI Publications into Top Conferences, and the most significant results are highlighted in Table 1. A full list of 2019 publication counts is available <rte-link>here<rte-link>.
While these schools rank lower on the US News Report Top AI Programs and tend to have less resources, they outperform their academic prestige and publish a significant amount.
These same schools are also highly efficient, and publish more despite having a lower faculty count.
Furthermore, despite having a smaller AI department size, smaller schools have a higher publication count to faculty (PCF) ratio, which outperforms even other highly funded institutions (Table 2). Even more importantly, higher ranked institutions like Harvard and University of Maryland consistently receive <rte-link>ore media coverage and funding<rte-link>, but have the lowest PCF Ratio and efficiency. As such, schools such as Rutgers and UCSD should be recognized for their prolific publishing profile.
Mapping prolific AI Research can be traced all the way down to the researcher level.
Lastly, singular and highly prolific researchers that are less well-known exist outside of elite institutions, driving a majority of total paper count. Table 3 highlights the prominent authors that have published from 2013 - 2019 outside of the top 10 institutions. For example, UC Merced’s Ming-Hsuan Yang publishes more into top AI conferences than the highest ranked Harvard researcher, Milind Tambe.
Since the rise of deep learning, big tech and elite universities have <rte-link>crowded out many top AI conferences<rte-link>. However, analysis shows there are top schools outside of typical elite institutions that publish prominently into these conferences. These universities and researchers are able to outperform higher ranked institutions even through <rte-link>resource and funding constraints<rte-link>. Highlighting these researchers will be imperative to bolster and diversify the AI research landscape as well as help provide adequate recognition towards unheralded schools. Elite institutions like Harvard get significantly more interest compared to Rutgers, despite Rutgers’ high publication count into AI Conferences (Figure 3).
This paper presents several institutions and authors that are prominent in their field but may have less public visibility, and how Dewey is able to highlight these prolific researchers. Moving forward, becoming more cognizant of the diverse academic landscape within AI will be helpful in creating new opportunities for institutions and individuals.
Thank you to Tom Kalil, Chris Kirchhoff, Kumar Garg, Kyle McEneaney, Tomas Pueyo, Dewey Murdick, Jordan Blashek, Jasmine Sun, and Kasey Luo for their valuable insights in formulating a thesis for this paper.